By Asuncion Lavrin
Feminists within the Southern Cone countries—Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay—between 1910 and 1930 obliged political leaders to think about gender in hard work rules, civil codes, public health and wellbeing courses, and politics. Feminism hence grew to become an element within the modernization of these geographically associated yet assorted societies in Latin the US. even supposing feminists didn't current a unified entrance within the dialogue of divorce, reproductive rights, and public-health schemes to control intercourse and marriage, this paintings identifies feminism as a set off for such dialogue, which generated public and political debate on gender roles and social switch. Asunci?n Lavrin recounts adjustments in gender relatives and the function of girls in all the 3 nations, thereby contributing an important quantity of recent info and incisive research to the histories of Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay.
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Extra resources for Women, Feminism and Social Change in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay, 1890-1940 (Engendering Latin America)
Julieta Lanteri de Renshaw Amanda Labarca Hubert Alicia Moreau de Justo December 1922 cover of Acción Feminina First graduating class of Enfermeras Sanitarias Warning poster from the Liga Argentina de Profilaxis Social Anti-suffrage cartoon, Topaze "Today's Electioneering Women," Topaze MEMCH symbol TABLES Composition of the Labor Force in Argentina, 1895 and 1914 57 Industrial Workers in Buenos Aires, 1904 and 1909 58 Buenos Aires Labor Statistics, 1909 58 La Plata Occupational Profile, 1909 59 Women Employed in Key Industries, 1914 59 Number of Persons Employed in Industrial Establishments in Argentina, 1939 60 Labor Profile and Occupational Categories in Chile, 1907 63 Labor Profile in Chilean Industries, 1921 63 Page viii Chilean Labor Profile, 1920 Census 64 Chilean Labor Profile by Gender, 1930 64 Uruguay: Male and Female Wages, Industry and Commerce, 1924 72 Argentina: Legitimacy Rates per Thousand Births 148 FIGURES Illegitimacy rates in Chile, 18501948 146 Illegitimacy rates in Uruguay, 18761943 147 Argentine provincial illegitimacy rates, 1917 148 Illegitimacy rates in the major Argentine provinces, 1917 149 Illegitimate births and legitimations in Uruguay, 18901943 152 Divorces in Uruguay, 19071943 242 Page ix Acknowledgments In researching and writing this book I have become indebted to many people in several countries.
They were trustworthy, inexpensive, and docile. Urban growth and the development of manufacturing brought uncomfortable fluctuations in the value of money and the cost of living. To make ends meet, the young of both sexes were recruited, and women stepped out of the home to work in sweatshops and factories. The odd combination of education and labor, disparate as the two may seem, brought women into the light of public debate. Their merits as mothers and wives were added to their legal rights under the law and their role as objects and subjects of public policies.
Among the most controversial subjects discussed in the 1930s was the high rate of abortion, a problem that ran parallel to high infant mortality and raised difficult health and moral questions. If motherhood was so important as a personal experience, as a way of gaining authority within the family, and for gaining power in the public arena, how could one explain the medical reality of countless abortions? What reasons moved women to take that step? There was a good dose of ethical ambivalence and social hypocrisy in this situation.