By Antti Laato, Johannes C. De Moor
Is it justice whilst deities permit righteous humans to undergo? this question has occupied the minds of theologians and philosophers for lots of centuries and continues to be hotly disputed. all types of argument were constructed to exonerate the 'good God' of any guilt during this recognize. when you consider that Leibniz it has develop into prevalent to explain such makes an attempt as 'theodicy', the justification of God. In sleek philosophical debate this use of 'theodicy' has been puzzled. in spite of the fact that, this quantity indicates that it really is nonetheless a practicable time period for an idea that originated a lot prior to is often realised.
Experts from many disciplines persist with the emergence of the theodicy challenge from old close to jap texts of the second one millennium BCE via biblical literature, from either previous and New testomony, intertestamental writings together with Qumran, Philo Judaeus and rabbinic Judaism.
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Additional info for Theodicy in the World of the Bible
The Encyclopedia of Apocalypticism, vol. 1: The Origins of Apocalypticism in Judaism and Christianity, New York 1998. The assumption of Persian inﬂuence on Jewish apocalyptic thinking is problematic on the basis of the fact that we do not know how old Persian apocalyptic documents really are. For this see A. Hultg˚ ard, ‘Das Judentum in der hellenistisch-r¨ omischen Zeit und die iranische Religion – ein religionsgeschichtliche Problem’, in: W. Haase, H. Temporini (eds), Aufstieg und Niedergang der r¨ omischen Welt, Bd.
P. Carroll, When Prophecy Failed: Reactions and Responses to Failure in Prophetic Traditions, London 1979. 88 An example where this process is even traceable in the textual history is Mic. 7:1-13 where originally the prophet tried to exonerate God of failing to back him up in assuming that he himself must have committed some unspeciﬁed sin necessitating the postponement of the fulﬁlment of his prophecies of doom (retribution), but which was ultimately transformed into a confession of guilt of the post-exilic community (education).
In his (Pericope, 1), Assen 2000, 149-96. 89 In their contributions Houtman and Laato signal similar theodicean arguments based on divine providence in the Pentateuch and the Deuteronomistic History. xlii A. C. de Moor contribution Atkinson demonstrates that the Psalms of Salomon share the main Jewish theological solution to suﬀering which is retributive theology. However, even though the author of these Psalms emphasises that no one is innocent there are some righteous who have to suﬀer undeservedly.