The Mantle of Command: FDR at War, 1941-1942 by Nigel Hamilton

By Nigel Hamilton

Library of Congress ISBN: 9780547775241

Based on years of archival examine and interviews with the final surviving aides and Roosevelt relatives, Nigel Hamilton bargains a definitive account of FDR’s masterful—and underappreciated—command of the Allied conflict attempt. Hamilton takes readers inside of FDR’s White condo Oval Study—his own command center—and into the conferences the place he battled with Churchill approximately approach and strategies and overrode the close to mutinies of his personal generals and secretary of warfare. again and again, FDR was once confirmed correct and his allies and generals have been unsuitable. while the generals desired to assault the Nazi-fortified coast of France, FDR knew the Allied forces weren’t prepared. whilst Churchill insisted his a ways East colonies have been unswerving and might withstand the japanese, Roosevelt knew it was once a myth. As Hamilton’s account reaches its climax with the Torch landings in North Africa in past due 1942, the tide of struggle turns within the Allies’ prefer and FDR’s genius for psychology and armed forces affairs is apparent. This intimate, sweeping examine an outstanding president in history’s maximum clash is needs to interpreting.

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Forced to the surface, U-550’s crew manned their deck guns and opened fire. The Joyce, Peterson, and a Navy destroyer escort, the USS Gandy, all returned fire; the Gandy rammed the U-boat, and the Peterson dropped two shallow-set depth charges which exploded near the hull. Hänert’s crew prepared scuttling charges and abandoned ship; the Joyce rescued 13 of the U-boat men, one of whom later died from wounds received during the battle. A mere 13 minutes had passed from the moment when the Joyce detected U-550 to the moment it surrendered – a striking demonstration of the effectiveness of Allied antisubmarine capabilities.

The Coast Guard-manned transport Cambria (APA-36) served as the flagship for the Majuro task force, which steamed into position to land troops on January 31; on February 1 the task force entered the lagoon uncontested, and this atoll would serve as the staging area for Central Pacific fleet operations for the next several months. On January 30 the Northern Attack Force, including six transports with full or partial Coast Guard crews, gathered to strike at Roi and Namur islands. The following day the fire-support vessels and aircraft began subjecting the Japanese garrisons on those and other nearby islands to an intense bombardment that killed a large number of the islands’ 3,700 defenders.

Coast Guard landing-craft crewmen assisting a casualty off an invasion beach in 1944. (Some Coast Guardsmen who served with landing craft were authorized to wear the American Naval Amphibious Forces left shoulder insignia. ) Of particular interest is the Coast Guard war correspondent (right), identified by his helmet stencil “USCG/CORRESPONDENT”. He wears what appears to be a modified or custom-made Parsons-type field jacket, and an uninflated life belt of the type issued to the Normandy assault troops, and is armed with a Colt M1911A1 pistol and a knife – see Plate E3.

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