The Indian Army, 1939-47: Experience and Development by Patrick Rose, Alan Jeffreys

By Patrick Rose, Alan Jeffreys

The sheer dimension and impact of the British Indian military, and its significant function within the Allied struggle attempt among 1939 and 1945 on behalf of a rustic from which it was once looking independence, keeps its fascination as an issue for a wide selection of historians. This quantity offers a number of papers studying the Indian military event from the outbreak of worldwide warfare in 1939 to the partition of India in 1947. With contributions from lots of these on the vanguard of the learn of the Indian military and Commonwealth historical past, the ebook focuses upon a interval of Indian military heritage no longer good lined by means of sleek scholarship. As such it makes a considerable contribution throughout various topic components, featuring a compendium of chapters reading Indian military participation within the moment global struggle from North Africa to Burma, plus numerous different themes together with the evolution of wartime education, frontier operations, Churchill and the Indian military, the Army's function within the improvement of post-war British counterinsurgency perform, and of specific word, numerous chapters studying points of the partition in 1947. As such, the e-book bargains a desirable perception into probably the most very important but least understood army forces of the 20 th century. it will likely be of curiosity not just to these looking a fuller figuring out of earlier campaigns, but additionally to these wishing to raised comprehend the advance and ethos of the current day army forces of the Indian subcontinent.

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And of course, in the Brigade of Gurkhas, the old Indian Army continues to live on in the very ranks of the British Army. This page has been left blank intentionally Chapter 2 Indian Army Command Culture and the North West Frontier, 1919–1939 Patrick Rose Introduction Policing the North West Frontier was the primary task of the British Indian Army between the two World Wars. It formed a principle influence on the inter-war Indian Army as an institution, and on the mindset and professional practices of its soldiers and officer corps.

20 Robert Blyth, The Empire of the Raj: India, Eastern Africa, and the Middle East, 1858–1947 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003). 17 The Indian Army, 1939–47 22 came into existence in 1915, becoming the Air Defence Force in 1932. Major Eadie of the Indian Army, a Special Service Officer of the Muntafiq Division in Mesopotamia, began by recruiting 40 Mounted Arabs around Nasiriyah for the Intelligence Department. They were initially known as the Muntafiq Horse, then the Arab Scouts, and were used for reconnaissance for British columns fighting the Turks.

In February 1919 the 5th Euphrates Levy operated against Sheikh Badr in cooperation with aircraft and gunboats. In September 1919 the Levies fended off a Kurdish attack on the Baqubah Refugee Camp. In forming such military units the role of political officers is noteworthy, as they became part of the paramilitary foundations of the colonial state and developed the capacity for it to police its borders, suppress internal resistance, and take part in general warfighting when called upon. The Iraq Levies were the gendarmes of a new political regime, central to the foundation of the British colonial state in Iraq.

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