By William Case
Southeast Asia, an economically dynamic and strategically important quarter, appeared till lately to be transiting to extra democratic politics. This growth has without notice stalled or maybe long past into opposite, requiring that analysts heavily reconsider their expectancies and theorizing. The Routledge guide of Southeast Asian Democratization presents the 1st book-length account of the explanations for democracy’s declining fortunes within the quarter this day. Combining thought and case stories, it's established in 4 significant sections:
- Stunted Trajectories and Unhelpful Milieus
- Wavering Social Forces
- Uncertain Institutions
- Country situations and democratic guises
This interdisciplinary reference paintings addresses subject matters together with the impression of trust structures, ancient files, neighborhood and worldwide contexts, civil society, ethnicity, girls, Islam, and social media. The functionality of political associations is usually assessed, and the amount deals a sequence of in-depth case stories, comparing the rustic documents of specific democratic, hybrid, and authoritarian regimes from a democratization point of view. Bringing jointly approximately 30 key foreign specialists within the box, this state of the art guide deals a finished and clean research into democracy within the region
This well timed survey should be crucial studying for students and scholars of Democratization and Asian Politics, in addition to policymakers concerned about democracy’s setbacks in Southeast Asia and the results for the region’s citizens.
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Extra info for Routledge Handbook of Southeast Asian Democratization
Pro-military) intellectual supporters, was criticized as being a “coup for the rich” against Thaksin’s pro-poor policies (Ungpakorn 2007). But military rule was weak and incompetent, leaving new elections as the only way out. After a pro-Thaksin successor party won at the polls (following the banning of his earlier populist party), civil society protests against Thaksin and his supporters were revived, culminating in the occupation of Bangkok’s international airport until the pro-Thaksin government was removed from power in an indirect coup in December 2008.
It canvases comprehensively the value systems, transitional processes, social structures, and institutions by which 20 Democracy’s mixed fortunes democratization in the region has been impeded or advanced. But further, where democratization has gone forward, it gauges the tense interplay between stability and quality. It therein provides some account too for democracy’s destabilization, made manifest in rollback or breakdown, or its failure to attain quality, leaving rule of law, responsiveness, and accountability truncated.
After the end of the Cold War, such restraints loosened. This helps explain why Lee found the early 1990s the right moment to confront Western intellectuals and policymakers with his longheld contrarian, culturalist views. Summing up the argument, Kishore Mahbubani argues that “the aggressive Western promotion of democracy, human rights and freedom of the press to the Third World at the end of the Cold War was, and is, a colossal mistake” (Mahbubani 1998, quoted in Emmerson 2013: 166). . ” Lee see citizens as part of culturally conditioned “herd” to be led by wise leaders (Barr 2000: 316).