Power and Political Culture in Suharto's Indonesia: The by Stefan Eklof

By Stefan Eklof

Within the mid-1990s, the previously pliant Indonesian Democratic social gathering (PDI) was once reworked into an energetic competition occasion by way of Megawati Sukarnoputri (now President of Indonesia). the following backlash from the Suharto regime finally resulted in its downfall.

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Extra info for Power and Political Culture in Suharto's Indonesia: The Indonesian Democratic Party (PDI) and the Decline of the New Order (1986-98)

Example text

15 Sukarno’s strategy appeared, at least superficially, to be successful. 17 This desire was shared by Indonesia’s nationalist leaders towards the end of the colonial period, most of whom regarded greater social justice as an essential priority for an independent Indonesia. However, just as with the question of which political system an 28 POWER AND POLITICAL CULTURE IN SUHARTO’S INDONESIA independent Indonesia should have, the details of such social reform appear to have been little talked about and the potential for conflict within Indonesian society in connection with social change was downplayed.

On numerous occasions during the period, these developments led to open rifts and conflicts both within the party and between the party, or factions within the party, and government and military representatives. Such manifest instances of conflict and discord provide the main sources for studying the underlying contestation over political culture, and the PDI therefore provides a fruitful and well delimited object for studying the contestation of political culture under the late New Order. The period under study ends with the resignation of President Suharto on 21 May 1998, which generally is considered to mark the end of the New Order.

Cf. Karlsson (1997:49). Burke (1992:165). Hill (1995:130–131). See Romano (1996) and Hanazaki (1998) for the press bannings. Eng (1997:440–441); see also Stanley (1996) for the alternative press. Sensitive or critical stories in international media, however, were frequently censored or the magazines carrying such stories were stopped from being distributed in Indonesia. Critical correspondents could also experience difficulties with getting visa renewals. In 1986, moreover, an article by senior correspondent David Jenkins in the Sydney Morning Herald (10 April) about the business interests of Suharto and his family sparked a major diplomatic row between Australia and Indonesia; see Liddle (1987a:217) and Robison (1990:182–197).

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