By Ines Angeli Murzaku
This e-book appears to be like at japanese and Western monasticism’s non-stop and extensive interactions with society in japanese Europe, Russia and the previous Soviet Republics. It discusses the position monastics performed in fostering nationwide identities, in addition to the potentiality of monasteries and non secular orders to be automobiles of ecumenism and inter-religious discussion inside of and past nationwide limitations. utilizing a country-specific research, the e-book highlights the monastic culture and monastic institutions. It addresses gaps within the educational examine of faith in japanese ecu and Russian historiography and appears on the position of monasticism as a cultural and nationwide identification forming determinant within the sector.
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Additional info for Monasticism in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Republics
They consider that the destruction of manuscripts in the course of the conquest of the Bulgarian lands had a mobilizing effect on the scriptoria of the surviving monastic communities. In the fifteenth century, monks not only copied old manuscripts but also wrote new ones. One of the most fruitful authors was Dimitar Kantakuzin, who left many hagiographical works dedicated to St John of Rila and other saints venerated by the Orthodox peoples in the Balkans (Angelov 1962a). No less productive was Vladislav Gramatik, who wrote a novel about the restoration of Rila Monastery after the Ottoman conquest and a story of the transfer of the relics of St John of Rila from Tarnovo to his monastery in 1469.
Although archaeologists have not indicated any convent from the medieval epoch, the existence of female monasticism is recorded in medieval texts with instructions about the behavior of nuns, female monastic vows, and punishments for nuns who committed sins. In this regard, Kostadinka Paskaleva points to the Compendium of Vidin (Bdinski Sbornik), which contains only vitae of female saints. Such texts were used mainly in female convents. In his works the Vita of St Filoteya Temnishka and the Oration of St Nedelya, Patriarch Evtimii also made an explicit appeal to “nuns and virgins” (Paskaleva 2003: 281–2).
The situation changed in the late eighteenth and the nineteenth century, when nunneries were established in urban areas. g. in Kalofer, in Sopot, and at the Rila Monastery (Paskaleva 2003: 283–4). There were about 10 female monasteries during the Bulgarian Revival (Dzhurova 2003a: 9). The nuns earned their living through various crafts such as weaving, needlework, and knitting. In the second half of the nineteenth century, the female convents counted between 20 and 100 nuns. Remarks about monasticism in Bulgaria since 1878 The development of monasticism in free Bulgaria, from its Liberation (1878) to today, is a blind spot in historiography.