By James C. McCann
Someday round 1500 A.D., an African farmer planted a maize seed imported from the hot international. That act set in movement the outstanding saga of 1 of the world's such a lot influential crops--one that may rework the way forward for Africa and of the Atlantic international. Africa's event with maize is special but in addition instructive from an international viewpoint: specialists expect that through 2020 maize turns into the world's so much cultivated crop. James McCann strikes simply from the village point to the continental scale, from the medieval to the fashionable, as he explains the technological know-how of maize creation and explores how the crop has imprinted itself on Africa's agrarian and concrete landscapes. at the present time, maize bills for greater than part the energy humans devour in lots of African nations. in the course of the 20th century, a tidal wave of maize engulfed the continent, and supplanted Africa's personal historic grain crops--sorghum, millet, and rice. within the metamorphosis of maize from an unique customer right into a quintessentially African crop, in its transformation from vegetable to grain, and from interest to staple, lies a revealing tale of cultural variation. because it unfolds, we see how this sixteenth-century stranger has turn into critical to Africa's fields, storehouses, and diets, and has embedded itself in Africa's political, monetary, and social family members. the new unfold of maize has been alarmingly quick, with implications mostly neglected by means of the media and policymakers. McCann's compelling heritage deals perception into the profound impact of a unmarried crop on African tradition, health and wellbeing, technological innovation, and the way forward for the world's nutrition provide. (20050901)
Read Online or Download Maize and Grace: Africa's Encounter with a New World Crop, 1500-2000 PDF
Best regional books
The captivity narrative has consistently been a literary style linked to the United States. Joe Snader argues, despite the fact that, that captivity narratives emerged a lot prior in Britain, coinciding with ecu colonial growth, the improvement of anthropology, and the increase of liberal political idea. tales of Europeans held captive within the heart East, the US, Africa, and Southeast Asia seemed within the British press from the past due 16th throughout the overdue eighteenth centuries, and captivity narratives have been often featured through the early improvement of the radical.
In investigating the mutual and dynamic dating among city improvement and intake, this e-book asks: how are towns moulded by way of intake, and the way is intake moulded by means of towns? intake stands on the intersection of alternative spheres of way of life: among the general public and the personal, the political and the non-public, the person and the social.
This e-book is the made of an ICARDA venture to outline supplemental irrigation within the close to East and North Africa. In cooperation with the nutrients and Agriculture association of the United international locations (F AO) a gathering was once held in Rabat, Morocco, on 7-9 December 1987, entitled "Regional session on Supplemental Irrigation"; experts from eleven assorted international locations have been introduced jointly to debate priorities for supplemental irrigation inside their particular areas.
The center category black girls who humans Judith Weisenfeld's background have been devoted either to social motion and to institutional expression in their non secular convictions. Their tale presents an illuminating viewpoint at the various forces operating to enhance caliber of lifestyles for African americans in an important occasions.
- Guía Geológica del Parque Regional de la Sierra de la Pila
- Beginning Google Maps Applications with Rails and Ajax: From Novice to Professional
- Regional Problems and Policies in Latin America
- European Agriculture: Policies, Production and Trade
Additional resources for Maize and Grace: Africa's Encounter with a New World Crop, 1500-2000
As the Portuguese traders quickly learned, the easiest way to obtain gold from the mines of central Ghana was to transport slaves from elsewhere on the West African coast to the new Atlantic entrepôt (founded in 1482) at El Mina. Incorporating these new populations as slaves, fictive kin, and dependents provided both the labor and the mechanisms of social coercion that permitted state systems to evolve. One ingredient hidden in this story points directly to the year 1500 as a takeoff point for changes in the ecosystem: the arrival from forest ecosystems of Central and South America of new food 46 MAIZE AND GRACE crops ideally suited to feeding expanding forest-based polities.
24 Historian of the Dutch Gold Coast James LaFleur says that aburro in the old Dutch transliterations is a direct reference to sorghum. Near the mouth of the Congo River, Kikongo speakers in the mid-sixteenth century called maize maza mamputo (grain of the white man); Mande speakers in Senegambia offered tuba-nyo (white man’s grain), a similar gloss. From Egypt along the trade route south to Lake Chad, local lexical terms for maize, especially in Hausa and dialects of Fulfulde, derived from the root masa, or 35 NAMING THE STRANGER masar (that is, Egypt), describing maize’s likely path of introduction to the region.
The veteran ethnographer of the Yoruba William Bascom was “exasper- 25 NAMING THE STRANGER ated” by his Ife informants’ insistence that maize had always been with the Yoruba, and the linguistic gadfly M. W. D. 7 A team of British historical linguists, including the indefatigable Roger Blench, has offered more precise evidence from language and pointed out that there is no direct evidence that the Portuguese played a role in introducing maize to what is now Nigeria. The linguistic patterns they cite, in fact, seem to suggest that maize arrived primarily during long-distance trade with the north, via Bornu (in present-day Chad) and lesser routes from the west and northwest.