Handbook of Personality Psychology by Robert Hogan, John Johnson, Stephen Briggs

By Robert Hogan, John Johnson, Stephen Briggs

The main finished unmarried quantity ever released at the topic, the Handbook of character Psychology is the end-all, must-have reference paintings for character psychologists. This instruction manual discusses the advance and size of character in addition to organic and social determinants, dynamic character techniques, the personality's relation to the self, and character with regards to utilized psychology. Authored via the field's most valuable researchers, every one bankruptcy offers a concise precis of the topic thus far. themes comprise such components as person transformations, balance of character, evolutionary foundations of character, cross-cultural views, emotion, mental defenses, and the relationship among character and healthiness. meant for a sophisticated viewers, the Handbook of character Psychology can be your most popular source during this diversified box.

Chapter themes include:
* Nature of character psychology
* Conceptual and dimension concerns in personality
* Developmental issues
* organic determinants of personality
* Social determinants of personality
* Dynamic character processes
* character and the self
* The 5 issue Model
* utilized psychology

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Spurred by the mobilization of large military forces for World War I, psychologists began to invent self-report, multi-item tests to assess individual differences in personality functioning. A forerunner to the MMPI, Woodworth's (1919) Personal Data Sheet was used to screen out men who were unfit for military service because of personality maladjustment. Bernreuter (1931) developed the first multitrait personality inventory, containing scales to assess neuroticism, introversion, dominance, self-sufficiency, confidence, and sociability.

T h e shift is apparent in one of the early and important postwar textbooks in the field: McClelland's (1951) Personality, Like AUport and Murray, McClelland argued that the personality psychologist should be concerned with the whole person. A s if t o underscore his point, McClelland m a d e good use of an extensive case s t u d y — t h e case of Karl—in the text. However, McClelland's vision for the field of personaHty psychology in 1951 was quite different from that promoted by the grand theorists a few years before, as is evident in the following passage from the b o o k ' s Preface: Working with concrete lives like this [the case of Karl], as they proceed through the theoretical discussions in this book, should prevent students or anyone else from gaining the impression that I am trying to present "a system" or "a theory" of personality.

With respect to research methodology, personality psychologists appear to be employing a wider range of approaches, including naturaUstic strategies for experience sampling (Hormuth, 1986), behavioral genetic methods CHAPTER 1 CONCEPTUAL HISTORY 23 (Plomin, 1986), structural equation models (Judd, lessor, & Donovan, 1986), and various qualitative methodologies (Helson, 1982; Mendelsohn, 1985; Runyan, 1982; Wrightsman, 1981). With respect to research topics, personality psychologists have broadened their inquiries to incorporate important issues in health psychology (Jemmott, 1987; Kobasa, 1985; Suls & Rittenhouse, 1987) and life-span development (Eichorn, Clausen, Haan, Honzik, & Mussen, 1981; Wrightsman, 1988; Zucker, Rabin, Aronoff, & Frank, 1992), and they have made important contributions in studies of the quality of personal relationships (Duck, 1986; Hendrick & Hendrick, 1986), loneliness and shyness (Briggs, 1985; Shaver & Rubenstein, 1980), gender and sex roles (S.

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