Gender, Morality, and Race in Company India, 1765–1858 by Joseph Sramek (auth.)

By Joseph Sramek (auth.)

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For example, although 26 Company India, 1765–1858 higher salaries were granted to various high ranking Company employees to discourage them from engaging in private trade—which was thought to be corrupting—the far greater problem of the low salaries of lower-level Company functionaries was not addressed at all and, indeed, would not begin to be dealt with until two decades later. 29 More disastrously, parliament created the post of governor-general to supervise the three Company presidency (or regional) governments of Bengal, Madras, and Bombay and appointed then-Bengal president Warren Hastings to it.

34 The crown also directly appointed the governor-general of Bengal (after 1833, India) and the governors of the two subordinate presidencies of Madras and Bombay. When this fact is added to the Board’s extensive supervisory powers over the Company’s colonial administration, it is clear that long before nationalization in 1858 the British government was already exerting a leading role in setting colonial policy. Each successive renewal of the Company’s charter in the nineteenth century further bears this out.

By the end of May, Clive had reached an agreement with several prominent Calcutta financiers and political and military leaders to overthrow Siraj-ud-Daula and replace him with Mir Jafar, one of his generals. Three weeks later on June 23, 1757, Clive’s expeditionary force of about 3,000 soldiers and sailors fought a short, anticlimactic “battle” at Plassey, thirty miles north of Calcutta, consisting mainly of “limited . . artillery exchanges” against troops loyal to Siraj and French artillerymen.

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