Gabriel Garcia Moreno and Conservative State Formation in by Peter V. N. Henderson

By Peter V. N. Henderson

This ebook explores the lifestyles and occasions of Ecuador's such a lot debatable baby-kisser in the broader context of the recent political background, addressing 5 significant subject matters of nineteenth-century Latin American background: the construction of political networks, the divisiveness of regionalism, the bitterness of the liberal-conservative ideological divide, the complicating challenge of caudillismo, and the hunt for growth and modernization. myths usually linked to García Moreno's rule are debunked. the 1st is that he created a theocracy in Ecuador. in its place, the ebook argues that he negotiated a concordat with the Papacy giving the nationwide govt keep watch over over the church's secular obligations, and subordinated the clergy, lots of whom have been hugely serious of García Moreno, to the conservative kingdom. A moment, usually repeated generalization is that he created a conservative dictatorship out of contact with the liberal age within which he lived. in its place, the ebook argues that moderates held sway through the first 9 years of García Moreno's interval of impact, and basically in the course of his ultimate time period did he in attaining the kind of conservative country he idea essential to develop his innovative nation-building schedule. In sum, this booklet enriches our figuring out of the various notions of kingdom formation through suggesting that conservatives like García Moreno expected a software of fabric development and selling nationwide cohesion less than a really diversified formulation from that of nineteenth-century liberals.

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Family matters also occupied García Moreno at this time. After Pedro Pablo’s Chilean-born wife died, García Moreno’s brother married Virginia Flores Jijón, the daughter of General Juan José Flores. 75 Through this new extended family, García Moreno’s political network broadened considerably, as the general still had many friends among the military. The family changed in a second important way. By then everyone knew that Rosa, almost 50 years old, would never have children. Her sister Rosario and husband Manuel del Alcázar agreed to let Rosa and Gabriel adopt their five daughters.

He knew the southern sierra (Cuenca and Loja) much less well, although at the university he made several good friends from that part of the country who became political allies. 6 That is, two chains of high volcanoes run vertically north and south (called the Eastern Range and the Western Range) from the Colombian border to southern Ecuador (here including both northern and southern highlands), while horizontal hills subdivide the “avenue” into a number of small basins. Each of these basins, in essence, made up a province after the 1860s.

The trial court found against García Moreno and ordered him to prison. He filed an appeal, which stayed the judgment, and fled to Guayaquil to go into hiding. 37 While Rosa remained in the highlands with the Ascásubis for various reasons such as being fairly well advanced in a pregnancy, García More- 18 gabriel garcía moreno and conservative state formation no found refuge with his mother and sisters. Meanwhile the governor of Guayas province privately assured García Moreno that he would not be arrested.

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