Fundamentals of Physics II: Electromagnetism, Optics, and by R. Shankar

By R. Shankar

R. Shankar, a well known physicist and contagiously enthusiastic educator, was once one of the first to supply a direction during the leading edge Open Yale direction application. His well known on-line video lectures on introductory physics were seen over 1000000 instances. during this moment e-book in keeping with his on-line Yale direction, Shankar explains crucial suggestions, together with electromagnetism, optics, and quantum mechanics.
The ebook starts off on the least difficult point, develops the fundamentals, and reinforces basics, making sure a fantastic beginning within the ideas and techniques of physics. It presents an amazing advent for college-level scholars of physics, chemistry, and engineering; for influenced AP Physics scholars; and for basic readers attracted to advances within the sciences.

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1. You see me holding the comb, which is holding up the piece of paper. What is trying to pull it down? The entire planet! The Himalayas are pulling it down, the Pacific Ocean is pulling it down, even the Loch Ness Monster is pulling it down. Everything is pulling it down. I am one of these people generally convinced the world is acting against me, but this time I’m right. Everything is against me and my comb, and yet we are able to triumph against all of that. And that is how you compare the electric force with the gravitational force.

8. 1. 9. 1. Why work with V and A? 10. 1. 2. The electromagnetic field tensor 16. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Parabolic mirrors 17. 1. 2. 1. 3. 4. 1. 2. 5. 6. 7. The eye 18. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 1. 2. Oblique incidence 19. 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 7. 8. 9. 10. Summary 20. 1. 2. 3. Statistical concepts: mean and uncertainty 21. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 4. 5. 6. 7. More than one variable 22. 1. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. Energy measurement in the box 23. 1. 1. 2. 2. 3. 1. 2. 4. 5. 1. Time evolution: a more complicated example 24.

Likewise, find the velocity now, find the velocity a little later, divide the difference by time, and you get the acceleration. It’s also an instantaneous quantity. If you step on the gas and feel the seat pushing you, that reflects your acceleration right now. Given that we know how to measure acceleration, how should we determine the mass of anything? First of all you need an arbitrarily chosen standard of mass. The Bureau of Standards has a block of some material that defines a kilogram. Using that, can you find the value of another mass?

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