From Prosperity to Decline: Eighteenth Century Bengal by Sushil Chaudhury

By Sushil Chaudhury

Influence of alternate at the economic system of Bengal in 18th century.

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InBengalSuba, 17~0-57 35' person can think the Pliirmaund, privileges us to trade in anything customs free but what we Import and Export 1 which they think ought to satisfy us-, being what no other European Nations or the Mahometans themselves are favoured with'. hood'. 19 The Kasimbazar Council informed Calcutta that the matter could only be settled by presenting a sum of Rs 10,000 to the nawab. Th'e position of the government was. as is produced in' the country'. 21 The,stand taken by the Bengal administration, though justified, alarmed the English who were most reluctant to give up their inland and private trade, however illegal these might have been.

It is true the King's Phirmaund gives the English Company liberty to trade in Commoditys to and from Europe custom free, Instead of which you carry on a Privat~ Trade far exceeding the Company's under their cover .... perpetrated by the Company servants in Bengal and that the clash between the Company and the government was mainly because of these abuses and irivolvement in inland trade, contrary to the provisions of the Jarman. :not only so, but have endangered our Phirmaund Privileges, and where all this will end God only knows'.

28 , Calkins, 'Ruling Group', p. 805. 292-93. 26 20 From Prosperity to Decline 1739) was generally marked by peace and prosperity. 32 Shujauddin was succeeded by his son Sarfaraj but soon Alivardi defeated him to become the new nawab. Alivardi's reign (1740-56) has ·been depicted in glorious terms by the Persian chroniclers. comfort and· welfare of his subjects, especially of the cultivators, that they felt completely secure under him. 33 But the first several years of Alivardi's administration witnessed a period of storm and stress mainly because of the· recurring Maratha invasions· (1742-51) and Afghan insurrection-a period during, which he had litt~e time to devote to the welfare of his subjects.

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