Freedom and Information: Assessing Publicly Available Data by Eric Landree

By Eric Landree

Describes a framework to lead tests of the provision of knowledge relating to U.S. anti- and counterterrorism structures, countermeasures, and defenses for making plans assaults at the U.S. air, rail, and sea transportation infrastructure. total, the framework comes in handy for assessing what sort of details will be effortless or tough for strength attackers to discover.

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Additional info for Freedom and Information: Assessing Publicly Available Data Regarding U.S. Transportation Infrastructure Security

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The Internet permits terrorist researchers to investigate a large number of sites at relatively low cost, which is especially valuable in the early stages of planning, before a target has been selected. As the gains to be realized from low-cost, low-risk, and low-effort research activities decrease, higher-cost and higher-risk avenues requiring more effort may become worthwhile. If, for instance, terrorists find that they need to know how frequently a public venue is patrolled and they cannot find the information through low-risk, low-cost, and low-effort informationgathering activities, they may have to loiter near that vicinity long enough to understand patrol patterns—subjecting themselves to the risk of being detected or captured.

6—Continued Element Details Other population groups Other people at the facility (Why are they there? ) Bystanders, recreational users, passengers Differences in population at different times of day Vigilance instructions and emergency phones Level of security training for nonsecurity employees of the facility Schedules of regular arrivals and departures from target area Ease of camouflaging yourself as a member of one of these population groups arrivals to and departures from the target area can help minimize the chance that vigilant citizens observe or interrupt operations.

In particular, the ModIPB framework allows consistent categorical assessments of the sufficiency of available data to plan an effective terrorist operation. It also allows the information gathered by different red teams across different scenarios and targets to be compared and contrasted by creating the opportunity to put them in a common framework. Of course, the results will reflect the expertise and skill of the particular members of the red team. This view also represents the information collected over a discrete period.

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