Entre Nous : Thinking-of-the-Other by Emmanuel Levinas

By Emmanuel Levinas

Emmanuel Levinas is without doubt one of the most crucial figures of twentieth-century philosophy. Exerting a profound impact upon such thinkers as Derrida, Lyotard, Blanchot, and Irigaray, Levinas's paintings bridges numerous significant gaps within the evolution of continental philosophy--between glossy and postmodern, phenomenology and poststructuralism, ethics and ontology. he's credited with having spurred a revitalized curiosity in ethics-based philosophy all through Europe and America.
Entre Nous (Between Us) is the fruits of Levinas's philosophy. released in France many years ahead of his demise, it gathers his most vital paintings and divulges the improvement of his idea over approximately 40 years of dedicated inquiry. besides a number of trenchant interviews released the following, those essays interact with problems with ache, love, faith, tradition, justice, human rights, and criminal thought. Taken jointly, they represent a key to Levinas's principles at the moral dimensions of otherness.
Working from the phenomenological approach to Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger, Levinas driven past the boundaries in their framework to argue that it really is ethics, now not ontology, that orients philosophy, and that accountability precedes reasoning. Ethics for Levinas ability accountability relating to distinction. all through his paintings, Levinas returns to the metaphor of the face of the opposite to debate how and the place accountability enters our lives and makes philosophy priceless. For Levinas, ethics starts off with our nose to nose interplay with one other person--seeing that individual no longer as a mirrored image of one's self, nor as a hazard, yet as diverse and bigger than self. Levinas strikes the reader to acknowledge the results of this interplay: our abiding accountability for the opposite, and our situation with the other's discomfort and death.
Situated on the crossroads of numerous philosophical faculties and ways, Levinas's paintings illuminates a bunch of severe concerns and has stumbled on resonances between scholars and students of literature, legislations, faith, and politics. Entre Nous is instantaneously the apotheosis of his paintings and an available creation to it. in any case, Levinas's pressing meditations upon the face of the opposite recommend a brand new origin upon which to know the character of excellent and evil within the tangled skein of our lives.

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It is only at this price that man can become a "moment" of his own dis­ course. Such iSj in fact, man reduced to his accomplishments, reflected in his works, man past and dead who is totally reflected in that dis­ course. Impersonal discourse is a necrological discourse. Man is reduced to the legacy of man, absorbed by a totality of the common patrimony. The power he exercised over his work while living (and not only through the mediation of his work)—the essentially cynical man—is annulled. Man becomes—not, to be sure, a thing—but a dead soul.

The individuality of the / i s distinct from any given individuality in that its identity is not constituted by what distinguishes it from others, but by its reference to itself. The totality in which a thinking being is situated is not a pure and simple addition of beings, but the addition of beings who do not make up one number with one another. This is the whole originality of society. The simultaneity of participation and non-participation is precisely an existence that moves between guilt and innocence, between ascendancy over others, betrayal of the self and return to the self.

The individuality of the / i s distinct from any given individuality in that its identity is not constituted by what distinguishes it from others, but by its reference to itself. The totality in which a thinking being is situated is not a pure and simple addition of beings, but the addition of beings who do not make up one number with one another. This is the whole originality of society. The simultaneity of participation and non-participation is precisely an existence that moves between guilt and innocence, between ascendancy over others, betrayal of the self and return to the self.

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