Encyclopedia of Invasive Species 2 volumes : From by Susan L. Woodward

By Susan L. Woodward

Kudzu vine and box bindweed. Eurasian Collared-Doves, Burmese pythons, and black rats. The northern snakehead and the gypsy moth. All of those are examples of invasive species that experience taken over or are threatening yes ecosystems—places the place those organisms by no means obviously happened. This two-volume paintings includes 168 entries on vegetation, animals, fungi, and microorganisms which are invasive within the usa, delivering a whole exam of the diversity of organisms, pathways, distribution styles, and affects of non-native species brought to this country.Encyclopedia of Invasive Species: From Africanized Honey Bees to Zebra Mussels starts off with a history essay that illuminates the complexities of facing invasive animals and crops. every one access offers info at the origins and invasion historical past of the species in query in addition to a basic description of the biology and ecology of every organism. Impacts—actual and strength, in addition to administration strategies—are addressed. each species is depicted through pictures in addition to maps that exhibit its fatherland and invaded areas within the usa. This distinct paintings provides attention-grabbing clinical info in addition to necessary insights approximately how doubtless minor occasions can greatly modify our surroundings.

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Bioscience 50(1): 53–65, 2000. Pimentel, David, Rodolfo Zuniga, and Doug Morrison. “Update on the Environmental and Economic Costs Associated with Alien-Invasive Species in the United States,” 2004. pdf. , Petr Pysˇek, Marcel Rejma´nek, Micahel G. Barbour, F. Dane Panetta, and Carol J. West. ” Diversity and Distributions 6: 93–107, 2000. , and James T. Carlton. Invasive Species: Vector and Management Strategies. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2003. , John J. Stachowicz, and Steven D. Gaines. Species Invasions.

Diet. Blacklegged ticks are external parasites on warm-blooded animals. They require a blood meal in order to molt and develop to the next stage of life. Field mice, especially the white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus), serve as important hosts for larvae. Nymphs and adults feed on deer, dogs, and humans. Life History. The bacterium B. burgdorferi circulates between ticks and a variety of vertebrates, each species affecting the survival of the spirochete because of varying competence as host species and different rates of infestation by ticks.

The virus has been isolated in well over 100 different species. Some are extremely susceptible to infection and die, while others are very tolerant of infection and show no signs of impairment. The West Nile virus is transmitted from bird to bird by 8 n MICROORGANISMS mosquitoes, the most competent vectors in the United States being the southern house mosquito (Culex quinquefasciatus); the northern house mosquito (C. pipiens); the whitedotted mosquito (C. restuans); C. salinarius, a mosquito of salt marshes; and in the western United States, the encephalitis mosquito (C.

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