By Ann Farnsworth-Alvear
Prior to it grew to become the heart of Latin American drug trafficking, the Colombian urban of Medell?n was once well-known as a hit tale of industrialization, a spot the place protectionist price lists had created a “capitalist paradise.” via the Nineteen Sixties, the city’s cloth industrialists have been featuring themselves because the architects of a social balance that rested on Catholic piety and strict sexual norms. Dulcinea within the manufacturing unit explores the bounds of this paternalistic order by means of investigating employees’ concepts of conformity and resistance and via tracing the disciplinary practices of managers through the interval from the flip of the century to an enormous reorganization of the generators within the overdue 1950s.Ann Farnsworth-Alvear’s analyses of archived body of workers documents, inner manufacturing unit correspondence, revealed rules, and corporate magazines are mixed with illuminating interviews with retired employees to permit a close reconstruction of the realm in the back of the mill gate. In a spot the place the excellence among virgins and nonvirgins geared up the exertions marketplace for ladies, the gap among chaste and unchaste habit underlay an ethical code that formed operating women’s self-perceptions. Farnsworth-Alvear demanding situations the reader to appreciate gender now not as an competition among male and female yet quite as a normative box, marked by way of “proper” and “improper” methods of being woman or male. Disputing the concept the shift within the turbines’ team over numerous a long time from almost always ladies to just about completely males used to be established completely on fiscal elements, the writer indicates how gender and sophistication, as social practices, converged to form commercial improvement itself.Innovative in its artistic employment of sophisticated and intricate fabric, Dulcinea within the manufacturing facility addresses long-standing debates inside of exertions background approximately proletarianization and paintings tradition. This book’s concentrate on Colombia will make it helpful to Latin Americanists, however it also will entice a large readership past Latin American and hard work reviews, together with historians and sociologists, in addition to scholars of women’s reports, social pursuits, and anthropology.
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Additional resources for Dulcinea in the Factory: Myths, Morals, Men, and Women in Colombia’s Industrial Experiment, 1905–1960 (Comparative and International Working-Class History)
On sampling method, see Introduction, note 10. did Medellín’s big employers not begin accepting married women? In a thorough study of Fabricato, the sociologist Luz Gabriela Arango argues that the mill’s owners applied ideological rather than technical criteria to the question of women’s work. Arango signals the difﬁculties that accompany any attempt to measure the relative ‘‘skill’’ required for different kinds of manual work, and she suggests that jobs at Fabricato became deﬁned as ‘‘skilled work’’ because they were now jobs that men did, rather than vice versa.
For many, the idea of class is therefore indissolubly bound to a teleological vision that is also Eurocentric and sexist: the notion that the industrial workers of advanced capitalist nations (imagined in this story as male) will be the heroes of a proletarian revolution. As a study of women and men on the periphery of industrialism, who never coalesced around a classbased political project, this book follows a long-term trend within labor history, one that has progressively distanced the ﬁeld from any such teleology.
Similarly, in her careful study of nineteenth-century Cuba, Verena Stolcke (formerly Martinez-Alier) describes the ideological overlap between whiteness and female chastity: a woman who could prove her sexual respectability was thereby able to claim a degree of ‘‘whiteness’’ that she would not otherwise be able to claim. ’’∑∂ In the context of Cuban slavery, a family’s honor depended on its success in controlling the sexual behavior of its female members, and honor had a racial deﬁnition. ∑∑ By deﬁning gender as a normative ﬁeld that not only distinguishes between females and males but 28 Dulcinea in the Factory also creates hierarchies among women and among men, I hope to apply the insights generated by such work on sexuality, gender, status, and race to Marxist-feminist debates about the relationship between gender and class.