Cycles of Contingency: Developmental Systems and Evolution by Susan Oyama

By Susan Oyama

The nature/nurture debate isn't lifeless. Dichotomous perspectives of improvement nonetheless underlie many primary debates within the organic and social sciences. Developmental structures thought (DST) bargains a brand new conceptual framework with which to unravel such debates. DST perspectives ontogeny as contingent cycles of interplay between a different set of developmental assets, not anyone of which controls the method. those elements comprise DNA, mobile and organismic constitution, and social and ecological interactions. DST has excited curiosity from quite a lot of researchers, from molecular biologists to anthropologists, as a result of its skill to combine evolutionary concept and different disciplines with out falling into conventional oppositions. The publication offers historic heritage to DST, contemporary theoretical findings at the mechanisms of heredity, purposes of the DST framework to behavioral improvement, implications of DST for the philosophy of biology, and important reactions to DST.

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In P. P. ), L’Instinct dans le comportement des animaux et de l’homme, pp. 51–76. Paris: Masson. Timothy D. Johnston Lorenz, K. Z. (1961). Phylogenetische Anpassung und adaptive Modifikation des Verhaltens. Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie 18: 139–187. Lorenz, K. Z. (1965). Evolution and Modification of Behavior. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Maienschein, J. (1987). Heredity/development in the United States, circa 1900. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 9: 79–93. McDougall, W. (1908).

H. Thorpe, “Learning and instinct in animals,” Cambridge University Press, 1956). Contemporary Psychology 2: 103–104. Lehrman, D. S. (1962). Interaction of hormonal and experiential influences on development of behavior. In E. L. ), Roots of Behavior: Genetics, Instinct, and Socialization in Animal Behavior, pp. 142–156. New York: Hoeber. Lehrman, D. S. (1970). Semantic and conceptual issues in the nature-nurture problem. In L. R. Aronson, E. Tobach, D. S. Lehrman, and J. S. ), Development and Evolution of Behavior, pp.

28 Pregnant female rats build nests by piling up strips of paper or other material. Mother rats will “retrieve” their pups to the nest by picking them up in the mouth and carrying them back to the nest. Nest-building and retrieving both occur in all normal rats; they occur in rats which have been raised in isolation; and they occur with no evidence of previous practice, since both are performed well by primiparous rats (retrieving may take place for the first time only a few minutes after the birth of the first litter of a rat raised in isolation).

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