By Jean L. Manore
such a lot actions in our lives contain electrical energy. but, how usually can we remember that even the straightforward act of turning on a mild is supported via a protracted historical past of debates over staff vs. person rights, environmental effect, political agendas and technological recommendations?
utilizing a dead ringer for cross-currents because the organizing metaphor, this e-book info the various and sometimes turbulent interactions and interconnections that happened one of the a variety of humans and occasions throughout the development of the northeastern Ontario hydroelectric method. targeted concentration is on local and non-Native pursuits; southern enterprise and political elites; northern average assets and the interactions among expertise and the surroundings.
Manore concentrates at the co-operation that existed one of the numerous curiosity teams during times of enlargement and amalgamation. In today’s surroundings of constrained strength assets, admire for the rights of First countries and ecological matters, this publication is a reminder that co-operation instead of conquest is a extra lifelike method of improvement.
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Extra info for Cross-Currents: Hydroelectricity and the Engineering of Northern Ontario
Canadian courts and governments came to believe that private access rights in navigable waterways had to be restricted in order to recognize the mutual rights of others. 96 For example, in Ontario, rival lumber companies disagreed widely regarding who had rights of navigation or access to certain waterways, as the individual who had originally improved navigation on a river by the removal of rocks or the construction of booms, piers, and slides, claimed prior and sometimes exclusive rights. 97 The Streams Bill asserted the idea that each user group had mutual rights to the province’s waterways.
Asserts that riverine sturgeon fishing by the Ojibway [Anishnabe] people was not undertaken only when big game was scarce. ’’80 And James Waldram argues that The Rites of Development 33 The rivers, like the land . . were not unoccupied or unused. They were used by the native people, and they represented a resource of immense value. In fact, it could be easily argued that the true backbone of the northern native economy was not, and is not, the land, but rather the lakes, rivers and streams. 82 This limitation of fishing rights was significant for hydroelectric development, inasmuch as the latter inherently damaged fish stocks and would have been drastically curtailed had subsistence fishing been given the same kind of priority by governments as Aboriginal people accorded it.
The negotiations and interpretations of Treaty #9 by the two governments is a case in point. Discussions for negotiating a treaty with the First Nations of Northern Ontario began in the early 1890s largely because an increase in mining, lumbering and railway building, coupled with a decline in the fur trade in the Lake Mattagami area, had disrupted the traditional lifestyles of the Anishnabe and Cree to a far greater degree than had the fur trade itself. B. 35 24 Cross-Currents At the request of the Anishnabe and Cree in the North, he strongly advised that the matter .