By Matthew Sussex
Because the cave in of the Soviet Union, clash within the former USSR has been a key crisis in overseas defense. This publication fills a niche within the literature on violent clash, comparing a sector that comprises all of the glossy components for instability and aggression. Bringing jointly prime specialists on warfare and defense, the ebook addresses present debates in diplomacy approximately energy, pursuits, globalisation, and the politics of id as significant drivers of up to date warfare. Incidents equivalent to the 2008 Russo-Georgian clash, the wars in Chechnya, and Russia's struggles over nationwide id and assets with the Ukraine and Moldova over the Crimea and the Trans-Dneister are all completely tested. With new matters like power safeguard, terrorism and transnational crime, and older tensions among East and West threatening to deepen once again, this is often a big contribution to the overseas defense literature.
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Additional info for Conflict in the Former USSR
238–45. 125 on Sun Dec 23 12:12:58 WET 2012. 003 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2012 28 Roger E. Kanet In fact, almost from the very inception of the new Russian Federation Moscow has used its control of energy as a means to ‘inluence’ other former Soviet republics to change political positions that they had taken or to follow Moscow’s policy lead. This has been especially true in Russia’s relations with the Baltic republics, with Ukraine, Georgia, and more recently even with Belarus, all post-Soviet states with which Russia has had serious policy differences.
E. E. ), The new security environment: the impact on Russia, Central and Eastern Europe (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2005), pp. 210–18; and Kanet and Homarac, ‘The US challenge to Russian inluence’. M. E. Kramer, ‘Central Asia on front line in energy battle’, New York Times, 20 December (2007), pp. C1, C6. On the PRC’s role, see M. De Haas, ‘SCO summit demonstrates its growing cohesion’, Power and Interest News Report , 14 August (2007); B. Pannier, ‘Central Asia: Beijing lexes economic muscle across region’, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL), 29 May (2008); and ‘China/Russia: focus on pipelines during Medvedev visit’, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL), 29 May (2008).
Most importantly, Moscow had successfully reasserted its inluence over several other post-Soviet states. 8 However, Putin’s commitment to re-establish control over domestic politics and rebuild Russia’s great power status, the i nancial boon resulting from the explosion of oil and gas prices, as well as Washington’s short-sighted policies, strengthened and expanded the range of policy instruments available to Russia. 9 This chapter’s argument is developed in three steps. First, it summarises Russian policy toward the ‘near abroad’ in the immediate aftermath of the dissolution of the Soviet state, and tracks those factors that almost immediately resulted in a reassessment of the importance of these regions to Russia’s future, as well as the use of military 7 8 9 C.