By Nicolas G. Adrien
Computational hydraulics and hydrologic modeling are swiftly constructing fields with a variety of purposes in parts starting from wastewater disposal and stormwater administration to civil and environmental engineering. those fields are filled with promise, however the abundance of literature that now exists includes many new phrases that aren't continuously defined.Computational Hydraulics and Hydrology: An Illustrated Dictionary defines extra that 4,000 easy phrases and words with regards to water conveyance with emphasis on computational hydraulics and hydrologic modeling. Compiled by means of Nicolas G. Adrien, a famous consulting engineer with 3 a long time of expertise, this dictionary contains designated references to genuine modeling experiences, approximately a hundred illustrations, one hundred fifty equations and formulation, and plenty of notations. it's also a bankruptcy of program examples and one other containing greater than 6,000 comparable phrases with a listing of assets the place readers can locate extra definitions.Other dictionaries and glossaries with regards to those parts are typically both dated or a lot narrower in scope. This dictionary bargains large, practice-based assurance of phrases culled at once from the newest texts, references, and real engineering studies. Computational Hydraulics and Hydrology: An Illustrated Dictionary stands on my own in supplying prepared entry to the vocabulary of those matters.
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Additional info for Computational Hydraulics and Hydrology: An Illustrated Dictionary
Cross connections with storm drains and catch basins are often a source of infiltration/inflow in sanitary sewer systems. See also curb inlet; inlet. Catch drain A diversion channel to intercept water above a road or along a slope. Catchment, drainage area, drainage basin, river basin, or watershed (1) The area of land that drains water, sediment, and dissolved materials to a common outlet at some point along a stream channel (EPA-94/04). (2) The land area that drains into a stream; an area of land that contributes runoff to a specific delivery point.
Also called radial-flow pump. There are two other types of continuous-flow pumps: axial flow and mixed flow. Noncontinuous-flow pumps are called positive displacement pumps. Centroid time of travel See hydraulic residence time. C factor Pipe roughness coefficient used in the Hazen–Williams formulas. CFF Abbreviation for confined filtration facility. CFL stability criterion Courant–Friedrichs–Lewy stability criterion. Same as Courant stability criterion. cfs (or ft3/sec) Abbreviation for cubic foot (feet) per second, a unit of flow equivalent to 1 ft3 in 1 sec; for the measurement of liquids and gases.
Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) A measure of the quantity of oxygen used in the oxidation of organic matter by microorganisms. Usually, the oxi© 2004 by CRC Press LLC Bioretention 30 Block-centered model dation time and temperature are specified. For example, at 20∞C or 68∞F, the 5-day BOD or BOD5 of an average municipal wastewater is approximately 240 mg/l for a per capita water consumption of 100 gal per day. BOD is distinct from the chemical oxygen demand (COD), which measures the amount of oxygen used for the chemical oxidation of organic matter.