Colonial Brazil by Leslie Bethell

By Leslie Bethell

Colonial Brazil is a range of chapters from the Cambridge historical past of Latin the US volumes 1 and a pair of introduced jointly to supply a continous background of the Portuguese Empire in Brazil from the start of the 16th to the start of the 19th centuries. The chapters hide early Portuguese cost, political and financial buildings, plantations and slavery, the gold rushes, the impression of colonial rule on Indian societies, imperial reorganization within the eighteenth century, and demographic and financial swap through the ultimate many years of the empire.

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Once the governor's position in Bahia had been made strong, he was to visit the other captaincies to assess their needs and provide them with military assistance. If increased military strength was one part of the solution of the Indian question, the other aspect was the elaboration of a workable Indian policy. Ultimately this would have to issue, as in the Spanish empire, from certain fundamental juridical decisions made by the crown. Brazil had been incorporated into the crown by the will of Manuel I, 14 but the native Indians (gentio) did not automatically, even by implication, become crown subjects.

By the sixteenth century he was represented by agents in Antwerp and throughout his expanding maritime empire. Many foreign merchants, particularly Spaniards, Italians and Germans, were also established in Lisbon. The Spaniards were predominantly New Christians who had come to Portugal when the Jews and the Moors were expelled from Spain in 1492, a fortunate event for Portugal since for two centuries they were to form the backbone of the Portuguese trading class in Europe and overseas. The great landowners who composed the Portuguese nobility seemed more interested in colonial expansion because they needed land for their younger sons, although they did not hesitate to engage in trade.

1564-r. 1572). This change was favoured by the General of the Jesuit Order in Rome who had never cared for the deep Jesuit involvement in the day-to-day administration of the aldeias. In practical terms, the result was to create a type of repartimiento of Indian labour (earlier rejected by Nobrega) in order to ration their services among Portuguese claimants. At the same time the famine that followed the plague prompted many Indians to sell themselves or their relatives to the settlers for food or maintenance.

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