Colombia: Territorial Rule and the Llanos Frontier by Jane M. Rausch

By Jane M. Rausch

Examines efforts & disasters of four presidential administrations to set up potent rule over Colombia's frontier territories among 1930-1946, the factors of the 1948-1964 "Violencia" Civil struggle & effect of guerrilla job & drug cartels within the Nineteen Nineties.

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Extra info for Colombia: Territorial Rule and the Llanos Frontier

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National Territories, Their Capitals, and Area, 19311946 6 Table 2. Budgets of the National Territories in 1934 and 1937 59 Table 3. Population of the National Territories and Colombia, 19181951 65 Table 4. Public Land Grants in the National Territories, 19311938 67 Table 5. Budgets of the National Territories in 1941 77 Table 6. Public Land Grants in the National Territories, 19391946 100 Table 7. Appropriations for the National Territories in the Colombian Budget for 1944 107 Table 8. Presidential Election Results in the National Territories and All of Colombia, 1946 115 Table 9.

They established Caquetá, San Martín, Guajira, Darien, Guanacas, San Andrés, and Raposo as "special territories," which were to be ruled by officials called prefects, who were empowered to regulate commerce, develop new towns, control contraband, and promote the civilization of the indigenous people by supporting missionary activities. 14 Alejandro Osorio, who succeeded Márquez in 1847 as interior secretary, continued to give full support to this initiative. 16 The second territorial experiment was even more ephemeral.

Prefects were empowered to enforce laws, settle disputes, create towns, civilize the indigenous population, defend Colombian sovereignty from foreign encroachment, and appoint corregidores to head districts called corregimientos. Municipal councils were to be elected in territorial towns previously designated as districtos parroquiales (parishes) or pueblos de indígenas reducidas (towns of hispanized natives). Supervised by the corregidors, the councils could impose direct or indirect taxes to raise money for local needs.

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