By Anthony McFarlane
This booklet describes and analyzes fiscal and political advancements in Colombia throughout the ultimate century of Spanish rule. Its goal is threefold: first, to supply a basic portrait of Colombian society in the course of the overdue colonial interval, exhibiting the nature of financial, social, and political existence within the territory's central areas; moment, to evaluate the influence at the area of eu imperialist growth through the eighteenth century; and 3rd, to supply a context for knowing the factors of independence. The ebook deals the one to be had survey of Colombian heritage and historiography for this era.
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Extra info for Colombia before Independence: Economy, Society, and Politics under Bourbon Rule
28. For a general discussion of the formation of landed estates in New Granada, see Juan Friede, "Proceso de formation de la propiedad territorial en la America intertropical," Jahrbuch fur Geschichte Von Stoat, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft Lateinamerikas, vol. 2 (1965), pp. 7 5 - 8 7 . 20 Foundations was undermined by falling Indian numbers. 29 However, early in the seventeenth century, the prosperity of agriculture diminished when the decline of mining stunted the growth of domestic markets. As poor whites and mestizos found it increasingly difficult to live in the dwindling economy of the encomenderos and mineowners, they drifted to rural areas where they founded farming settlements that later became Spanish parishes.
Not only did low salaries and slack supervision of officials lead to extensive collusion in smuggling, but late seventeenth-century New Granada also seems to have fragmented into a cluster of virtually autonomous provinces that were detached from close supervision from Spain. The judges of the audiencia in Bogota might try to assert their authority over these provinces, but it was not readily acknowledged. Indeed, when the president of New Granada sought to support Alcedo's ill-fated mission to Cartagena in 1698, the ensuing dispute between the governor and the audiencia came close to armed conflict, and ended with the governor's flight to Jamaica.
In 1685, Charles II's Council of the Indias commissioned a vtsita general of New Granada in response to reports of "the disorder which exists in that Kingdom in the treatment of the Indians and the collection of tributes," of the virtual enslavement of the in Francisco Silvestre, Description del Reyno de Santa Fe de Bogota (1789) (Bogota, 1968). Information on the province of Popayan is also drawn from Peter Marzahl, Town in the Empire: Government, Politics and Society in Seventeenth Century Popayan (Austin, Texas, 1978), p.