Coal Information 2009 by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

By Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

This 2009 version of Coal info offers a complete evaluate of ancient and present industry tendencies on the planet coal quarter. It assembles crucial records on coal construction, reserves, call for, alternate, costs.

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This results in a discrepancy between reported world imports and exports of coking and steam coal. As the use of PCI and blended coal increases, and unless countries adopt a standard reporting system for coal trade, this statistical problem will render data on steam and coking coal trade increasingly misleading. A standard reporting of PCI coal using a classification based on coal quality rather then on coal end-use would be a major improvement. A note on Japanese coal trade classification In the official Japanese trade statistics collected by the Ministry of Finance (MOF), imported coal is initially classified according to its inherent properties, then allocated to either the category steam or coking coal.

Production more or less stabilised since mainly as a result of an increased use for electricity generation in countries such as Germany, Greece, Serbia and Montenegro, Romania, India and Canada. Almost all lignite is mined by opencast operations, and almost all is used for electricity production in local plants, although smaller amounts are used in some countries for industry and to produce briquettes for home heating. In several countries, brown coal is used to generate over half the country’s electricity production (Estonia, some former Yugoslav countries, the Czech Republic and Greece) and in others (Romania, Poland, Bulgaria, Slovenia, Germany, Australia and Hungary) significant shares of electricity production are fuelled by lignite.

8% elsewhere. 5 2. PRODUCTION Developments in world coal supply in 2007 and 2008 World coal production and use is broadly grouped by the two main coal types – hard coal and brown coal. Hard coal with a higher thermal value (varying from coal to coal and depending on the degree of preparation) is economically suited to international trade, with characteristics making some coals suitable for metallurgical (coking) uses. Brown coal (lignite) has a much lower thermal value (the amount depending on the coal type and its water content) and is suitable largely for power generation locally or to a lesser extent for briquette manufacture.

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