Climate Changes during the Holocene and their Impact on by Arie S. Issar

By Arie S. Issar

It's now generally approved that expanding concentrations of greenhouse gases within the surroundings are inflicting greater worldwide temperatures. This quantity offers a accomplished overview of the consequences of weather variability on hydrological and human platforms within the Holocene (the final 10,000 years). The publication concentrates at the areas bordering the Mediterranean Sea, western and significant Europe, China, Japan, West and South Africa and southwestern U.S.A. it's meant for researchers and pros in hydrology, climatology, geology and old geography.

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For this reason, I maintain that the development of agriculture at Jericho was based on irrigation (Issar, 1990). Such water could be derived from two sources: the floods coming from the mountains and the water from a big perennial spring, emerging from a regional aquifer, fed by the precipitation falling on the Judean mountains. It seems more logical that the farmers of ancient Jericho learnt to harness the water of the perennial 14 spring before they found a way to use the water of the floods for irrigation.

The peoples in these texts are not defined as Amorite but as “Amu”, which certainly denotes an Asiatic origin of the names (Dever, 1976). During MB I, the relationship between Canaan and Egypt strengthened. There were good trade connections and the Egyptian cultural and political influence spread over all the region. Towards the end of MB I, the strong relationship between Canaan and Egypt deteriorated (Aharoni, 1978a,b). The type of fortification (glacis and terre pisee) of the MB II and MB III symbolized the new era of walled cities.

They spread into the arid Arava valley, from Ein Yahav in its northern part to Timna in the south. Most of the settlements were located on the tops of low hills close to river valleys (Cohen, 1986, 1989). Archaeological remains show that many settlements also thrived in the valleys of the southern mountains, practicing agriculture in areas that today get less than 100 mm of rain per year (Avner, 1998). Cohen (1989) maintains that the settlements in the Negev mountains were temporary and semi-nomadic, based on pastoral grazing and transportation of copper from the Feiran area and the Timna valley.

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