By Asce Hydropower Task Committee
''Civil Works for Hydroelectric amenities: guidance for all times Extension and Upgrade'' explores methodologies and strategies for utilising rehabilitation engineering to getting older hydroelectric infrastructure. This file presents guidance for all times extension and improve of hydroelectric works to be used via proprietors, operators, regulators, and engineers contemplating infrastructure rehabilitation or substitute. provided through the Hydropower activity Committee of ASCE's strength department, this e-book beneficial properties suitable case reports that illustrate ideas for making improvements to the functionality and increasing the provider lifetime of civil works of dams and hydroelectric vegetation
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Additional resources for Civil works for hydroelectric facilities : guidelines for life extension and upgrade
The the the the In arriving at the condition of a project feature, the evaluator considers the design criteria, an assessment of the remaining useful life, and any new examinations or tests that would aid in quantifying the life extension study. An aspect to be addressed is whether the structure has the ability, or capability of meeting, its intended role or purpose without posing an unacceptable risk. Condition assessment also includes the estimation of costs for isolating and handling hazardous waste materials and environmental mitigations and improvements.
Notes on regulatory considerations, cost estimating, constructability, staging and scheduling, access and contracting options are included. Examining the hydroelectrical project as a collection of component features allows for great detail and reference to excellent sources of technical information and processes already available to the practicing engineer. Information on life-cycle analysis, condition assessment, and synthesis of data as collected is available through the previous ASCE hydropower committee reports (ASCE,1992).
For example, many utilities operate units as synchronous condensers during periods of non-generation. In a de-regulated market, an Independent Power Producer (IPP) may shut the same unit down to avoid the expense for motoring energy if there is little, or no economic benefit, for producing reactive power. Before deregulation, many utilities would strive to maximize their annual energy production regardless of the time of day. In a deregulated environment, IPP's are more focused on maximizing revenues, not necessarily generation.