By Ilene Feinman
In the U.S., the query of girls within the armed providers has been consistently and hotly debated. between feminists, essentially differing perspectives of ladies within the army have built. Feminist antimilitarists let us know that militarism and patriarchy have jointly pressed girls into moment classification citizenship. in the meantime, feminist squaddies and their advocates regard martial provider as women's correct and accountability and the price ticket to first-class citizenship.
Citizenship Rites investigates what's at stake for ladies in those debates. Exploring the views of either feminist antimilitarists and feminist infantrymen, Ilene Feinman situates the present strive against controversy in the context of the ocean swap in usa politics because the 1970s-from period debates over drafting ladies to fresh representations of army ladies comparable to the movie GI Jane. Drawing on congressional testimony, complaints, feminist and antiracist political discourse, and antimilitarist activism, Feinman addresses our urgent want for an research of women's expanding inclusion within the militia whereas supplying a provocative research of what this altering position capacity for ladies and society alike.
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Extra resources for Citizenship Rites: Feminist Soldiers and Feminist Antimilitarists
12 As women enter the ranks of the military, which they have been doing in small but persistent numbers since the lifting of the 2 percent quota in the early 1970s, we have to address this other side of the relationship between men, women, and the military. I rely on my experience in the antimilitarist movements to ground my theoretical and case study work to understand the predicaments of militarism, women’s work in the military, debates about equal rights, and visions of justice and peace. The antimilitarist movement, heavily influenced by feminist antimilitarism, theorizes in practice.
In other words, we cannot argue for inclusive citizenship rights without also tackling the question of who gets to claim that citizenship. This historical recovery works in similarly noninnocent ways as the historical recovery of the “woman” in battle. Both kinds of recovery remain controversial acts because of the amnesia about the recurrent debate that Fenner points out and the literal erasure of the record of women’s war work; that is, they are at the front lines but not technically combatants.
In much the same way as I have done for feminist antimilitarism, I am exploring the nuanced views of equal rights supporters of women in the military. Some supporters believe in precisely equal rights terms, some even suggest we have to do it to fulfill the logic of citizenship as it stands although they may be fully against militarism. People like Judith Stiehm make this sort of argument. Although her first book explored the concepts and practices of nonviolence in such organizations as the Committee for Nonviolent Action (CNVA) and the civil rights movement organizations, she comes to argue, by the end of it, for strategic nonviolence, yes, but not for the elimination of force in political life.