Britain and the Onset of Modernization in Brazil 1850-1914 by Richard Graham

By Richard Graham

This can be a precise learn of British impact in Brazil as a subject matter in the better tale of modernization. The British have been concerned at key issues within the preliminary phases of modernization. Their carry upon the import-export economic climate tended to decelerate industrialization, and there have been different parts within which their presence acted as a brake upon Brazilian modernization. however the British additionally fostered swap. British railways supplied basic stimulus to the expansion of espresso exports, and because the British didn't monopolize espresso creation, a wide share of the gains remained in Brazilian arms for different makes use of. additionally, the burgeoning espresso financial system shattered conventional financial, social and political relationships, establishing up the way in which for different components of development. The British function used to be now not limited to fiscal improvement. in addition they contributed to the expansion of 'a smooth world-view'. Spencerianism and the assumption of growth, for example, weren't unique and meaningless imports, yet a vital part of the transformation Brazil was once experiencing.

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326-35; see esp. foreword by Arthur Lewis, p. ix; it'does not follow, as implied by Lewis, that economic opportunities can be as quickly seized or as fully utilized in societies that must change their ideas or attitudes in this way as in those that begin from such a base. 34 The Onset of Modernization These concepts came from abroad. To be swept up in the currents of European thought was not to betray Brazilian values, but to reassert the proper place of Brazil within Western civilization. They wished to Europeanize or Westernize their country: 'Our evils are many; but the truly fundamental one is our spirit of timidity—Chinese, lazy, late, inimical to newness, passive and accommodating.

192; on his modernizing role see Lidia Besouchet,_j0se Ma. Paranhos, visconde do Rio Branco. Ensaio historico-biogrdjico (Rio: 2 Valverde, 1945), pp. 213-16; Jose Maria da Silva Paranhos 2°, barao do Rio Branco, O visconde do Rio Branco, ed. Renato Mendonca, [? ), pp. 216-22. One Brazilian insisted in 1879 that 'What brings progress is not moral laws, but... ideas', Silvio Romero quoted by Barros, A ilustragao brasileiray p. 23. Cf. Leon Festinger, A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance (Evanston, 111.

Districto eleitoral da mesma provincia para a proxima legislatura, 2nd ed. (Rio: Typ. do Correio Mercantil, i860), p. , Tres panfletdrios do segundo reinado: Francisco de Sales Torres Homem e 0 'Libelo do povo*; Justiniano Jose da Rocha e * Acdo; reacdo; transacao*; Antonio Ferreira Vianna e *A conferencia dos divinos\ Brasiliana, a 3 286 (Sao Paulo: Editora Nacional, 1956), pp. 3-43. Francisco de Paula Ferreira de Rezende, Minhas recordacoes, Documentos Brasileiros, 45 (Rio: Jose Olympio, 1944), p.

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