Brazilian Foreign Policy after the Cold War by Sean William Burges

By Sean William Burges

Because 1992 - the tip of the chilly struggle - Brazil has been slowly and quietly carving a distinct segment for itself within the overseas group: that of a local chief in Latin the United States. How and why is the topic of Sean Burges' investigations. less than President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Brazil launched into a brand new path vis-a-vis international coverage. Brazilian diplomats got down to lead South the US and the worldwide south with out actively claiming management or incurring the linked charges. They did with the intention to defend Brazil's nationwide autonomy in an ever-changing political weather. Burges makes use of lately declassified files and in-depth interviews with Brazilian leaders to trace the adoption and implementation of Brazil's South American international coverage and to provide an explanation for the origins of this trajectory. management and wish to lead have, till lately, been a contentious and forcefully disavowed ambition for Brazilian diplomats. Burges dispels this phantasm and gives a framework for knowing the behavior and targets of Brazilian international coverage that may be utilized to the broader worldwide enviornment.

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Here attention will be turned directly to the economic fundament of Brazilian regional projects. I will analyze aspects of Itamaraty-orchestrated leadership in Mercosul before discussing how ostensibly technocratic projects such as the development of physical infrastructure networks have been used to create the underlying conditions necessary to support a regional project in the continent. Indeed, it is in the economic aspect that the oblique nature of Brazilian leadership at times emerges most clearly, with Itamaraty’s strategies serving to provide the public goods necessary to encourage other South American states to participate in the regional projects without actually incurring for Brazil the sort of costs of leading suggested by mainstream approaches to hegemony.

Costa 1996). The combination of these two developments created a much-improved security climate for Brazil, allowing resources to be diverted toward the Amazon areas (Hirst 1992, 142; Forhmann 2000). But perhaps most important, Argentina’s request that 29 Brazilian Foreign Policy after the Cold War PICE be signed and Uruguay’s subsequent accession to the agreement served as implicit confirmation of Brazilian preeminence in the River Plate basin. Itamaraty’s success in achieving a degree of preeminence for Brazil in the 1980s should not be confused with ambitions for continental dominance, a role that Brazil has consistently refused.

Mercosul was thus conceptualized as part of a phased introduction into the global economy and provided a circumstance in which expanded intrabloc competition would encourage gains in efficiency and quality. The tariff barrier surrounding the bloc was envisioned in much the same manner as training wheels on a child’s bicycle: a temporary safety device allowing Brazilian business the opportunity to develop the skills necessary for competition in the global economy. Policymakers were also aware that, if national firms were to acquire the skills and capabilities necessary to become international players, access to new sources of technology and managerial know-how would be necessary (Lafer 1996; Amorim 2003a; Cardoso and Lafer 2007).

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