By Robert Forczyk
Not able to behavior flooring operations at the ecu continent until eventually Allied energy used to be marshalled for a full-scale invasion, the British executive established its grand procedure in global battle II on a chronic crusade of aerial bombardment of Nazi Germany's towns as a way to deliver the 3rd Reich to its knees. on the center of this technique have been the rising applied sciences of the heavy bomber, mixed with night-navigation and precision-bombing concepts. The RAF brought the massive four-engined Avro Lancaster in 1942 and used it to spearhead this aerial offensive. In reaction, the Luftwaffe created an elite nightfighter strength established basically upon the Bf a hundred and ten to counter the RAF bombers. even if the Bf one hundred ten had failed miserably as an afternoon fighter over England in 1940, it came across its area of interest as a nightfighter. The Luftwaffe was once fast to equip it with airborne radar that allowed it to intercept and smash Lancasters over Germany. In flip, the RAF followed countermeasures comparable to the Monica rearward-looking radar to alert Lancaster crews to the strategy of nightfighters. The Lancaster heavy bomber was once built with rear and dorsal turrets that gave it a few likelihood to force off nightfighters applying the normal tactic of attacking from above and behind.In might 1943, although, the Luftwaffe unexpectedly constructed a unique technical and tactical method of attacking RAF bombers - the Schräge Musik weapon procedure, which fixed upward-firing 20mm cannons in a Bf a hundred and ten nightfighter. the recent tactic proved amazingly winning, and British bombers will be attacked from under with out caution. quickly, the Luftwaffe made up our minds to equip a 3rd of its nightfighters with Schräge Musik and started to inflict grievous losses upon Lancaster bomber devices within the interval from August 1943 to March 1944. For its half, the RAF didn't become aware of the hot German tactic for 6 the most important months, in which time its Lancaster bombers have been nearly defenceless by contrast new danger. In time, besides the fact that, the German benefit of shock was once misplaced and the RAF built countermeasures to accommodate the recent danger. The duel among upgraded Bf 110s and Lancasters within the evening skies over Germany grew to become more and more ruled by means of state of the art expertise, which might verify the efficacy of strategic bombing.
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Additional info for Bf 110 vs Lancaster: 1942-45
NJG 1, and he would remain in control of this unit until May 1945. Opportunities to score victories in the Nachtjagd were often dependent upon location, and as Gruppenkommandeur, Drewes could ensure that he would be in the thick of the action. He was involved in intercepting the bomber stream during the Nurnberg raid in March 1944, and shot down three Lancasters that night. Drewes downed a total of five Lancasters in March, six in April and 14 in May. His best night came on 4 May 1944, when he shot down five Lancasters with his Schräge Musik during the raid on Mailly-le-Camp.
N. diesel engine plant in Augsburg, Bavaria, Nettleton was made an acting squadron leader and put in command of the six Lancasters from his squadron. /JG 2. Pressing on across more than 500 miles of enemy territory, Nettleton reached Augsburg with the other surviving bomber and they dropped their bombs on the target. The other Lancaster was shot down by flak and Nettleton’s aircraft was riddled with shrapnel, but he managed to nurse it back home in the dark, the sole surviving Lancaster from his squadron.
For many novice or average Bf 110 pilots, the corkscrew was enough to ruin their approach, and they would often break off the attack. However, against experienced Bf 110 pilots the corkscrew often did not work. Overall, the Bf 110 had just enough of a speed advantage to catch a Lancaster, but with little margin to spare. HIDE AND SEEK In 1941, the nightfighter’s ability to detect the bomber, and vice versa, was roughly equal, and dependent upon available illumination and alert crewmen. However, once the Germans developed the Himmelbett system and deployed Lichtenstein radars in Bf 110 nightfighters, the advantage shifted markedly in favour of the Germans and Lancaster losses rose sharply.