Battlefield Tourism: Pilgrimage and the Commemoration of the by David William Lloyd

By David William Lloyd

In the aftermath of the good conflict, a wave of visitors and pilgrims visited the battlefields, cemeteries and memorials of the struggle. The cultural heritage of this ‘battlefield tourism' is chronicled during this soaking up and unique ebook, which exhibits how the phenomenon served to build reminiscence in Britain, in addition to in Australia and Canada. the writer demonstrates that prime and coffee tradition, culture and modernism, the sacred and the profane have been frequently inter-related, instead of polar opposites. a few of the responses to the particular and imagined landscapes of battlefields are mentioned, in addition to bereavement and the way this used to be formed via gender, faith and the army adventure. person reminiscence and adventure mixed with nationalism and ‘imperial' identification as robust forces informing the pilgrim adventure. yet this booklet not just analyzes go back and forth to battlefields, which unsurprisingly paralleled the expansion of the trendy vacationer undefined; it additionally seems heavily on the transformation of nationwide struggle memorials into pilgrimage websites, and exhibits how responses either to battlefields and memorials, which proceed to function powerful symbols, developed within the years after the nice War.

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Extra resources for Battlefield Tourism: Pilgrimage and the Commemoration of the Great War in Britain, Australia and Canada, 1919-1939

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1 (London, 1936–1937), p. 531. 42 Tourism and Pilgrimage, 1860–1939 The dichotomy between the tourist and the pilgrim represented more than a sense of social superiority over the people who joined organised tours. It also expressed the belief that the wartime sacrifice offered by the fallen was sacred and that the nation was obligated to respect that sacrifice. Such a belief privileged the grief of the bereaved and the experiences of ex-servicemen. Pilgrims respected the dead by attempting to understand the deeper meanings underlying these sites.

1934). 115. British Legion Journal, 18 (Sept. 1938), p. 94. 116. G. J. De Groot, Blighty: British Society in the Era of the Great War (London and New York, 1996), pp. 268–9. C. C. D. thesis, Stanford University, 1990, p. 181. 117. J. Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Men’s Bodies, Britain and the Great War (London, 1996), p. 155. 37 Battlefield Tourism ised by the Legion, the Ypres League and other ex-servicemen’s groups probably represented the minority who wished to relive their wartime experiences or to renew wartime bonds and comradeship.

Gibbons, Roll On, Next War! The Common Man’s Guide to Army Life (London, 1935), p. 100. 45 Battlefield Tourism Although the imagery of a divide between the front and the home front and between men and women underlies the dichotomy between the tourist and the pilgrim, this imagery needs to be read in the context of people’s response to mass death and bereavement after the war. A distinction was commonly drawn between women as a symbol of those civilians who did not understand ex-servicemen and their experiences, and women as bereaved mothers and widows.

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