Argentina since Independence by Leslie Bethell

By Leslie Bethell

Argentina due to the fact Independence brings jointly seven chapters from Volumes three, five, and eight of The Cambridge heritage of Latin the USA to supply in one quantity an financial, social, and political historical past of Argentina because independence. every one bankruptcy is observed via a bibliographical essay.

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In the following year he destroyed the remnants of the Coalition of the North, first the spent forces of Lavalle at Famailla (19 September 1841), then those of La Madrid at Rodeo del Medio (24 September 1841). These were cruel wars, and Rosas's generals wore down the enemy as much by terror as by battle. Lavalle himself was killed at Jujuy on 8 October 1841 on his way to Bolivia. The destruction of the Unitarian forces in the interior, however, provoked rather than paralysed the littoral provinces.

But in the final analysis the demagogy of Rosas among the blacks and mulattos did nothing to alter their position in the society around them. The hegemony of the landowners, the abasement of the gauchos, the dependence of the peons, all this was the heritage of Rosas. Argentina bore the imprint of extreme social stratification for many generations to come. Society became set in a rigid mould, to which economic modernization and political change had later to adapt. The Rosas state was the estancia writ large.

But two particular agencies promoted national identity and unity - federal justice and the national army. By law of 1862 a national judicial power was established, and in 1865-8 the Argentine Civil Code was drawn up. The supreme court and the various lower courts completed the structure of the modern state. The supreme court had power to declare unconstitutional any laws or decrees, national or provincial, in conflict with the supreme law, and thus became the interpreter of the constitution, though it was not competent to decide conflicts between the powers.

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