Arabic classical accounts of India and China by Ibn Khurradādhbih, Sulaymān al-Tājir, trans. S. Maqbūl Aḥmad

By Ibn Khurradādhbih, Sulaymān al-Tājir, trans. S. Maqbūl Aḥmad

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Kota Kual � Kedah'). The port of Kedah was used both for portage purposes and as a point of rendezvous in connection with the passage through the Malacca Straits. It was most easily approached from the west via the passage between Sumatra and the Nicobar Islands durin g the summer monsoon. The original POrt of Kedah was located up the then broad estuary of the Kuala Merbok, nOw swamp-filled, entering the sea at some distance above Penang Island. Kedah was widely used by Indian traders from the early centuries of the Christian era and probably from the eighth century by Muslim Arabs and Persians.

63) Neither the Indians n o r the Chinese get circumcised. (64) The Chinese worship the idols and pray to them and make humble entreaties to them. They have religious books. ' (65) The Indians keep long beards. I have often seen a man w i th a beard as long as three c u b i ts ; they do not trim their moustache. Most o f the C h i nese have no beards which is natural to 1110st of them. In I ndia, when a person dies, they completely shave his head and beard. (66) When the I n d ians imprison a person or put him in confinement, they do not allow him food or drink for seven days.

D. 1 069) was to c ontrol prices. 'To prevent the big merchants from monopolizing the market and i nc reas e state reven u e , the governme n t purchased goods at a fair price when there was a glut in the market and resold them when the supply dwindled' (A. 0 . H. c. , pp. 1 42-43). D. D. 856. The Chinese word tch'a was pronounced as ':·ga du ri ng the Tang period. Known at least since the end of the third century, tea was at first used only in the southern provi nces of China. (For further details, see Sauv aget, Akhbiir, p.

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