By Xing Ruan
Allegorical structure ДОМ и СЕМЬЯ,НАУКА и УЧЕБА, ПРОФЕССИИ И РЕМЕСЛА Название: Allegorical structure. dwelling fantasy and Architectonics in Southern China Автор: Xing Ruan Издательство: collage of Hawaii Press Год: 2007 Страниц: 219 ISBN: 0824821513 Формат: pdf Размер: eleven МбThis could appear a really good examine of a minority workforce in Southeast China--whose in part transcribed language he learnt whereas learning their buildings--yet Xing Ruan has used this exceptional miniature to light up the complicated relation among many different societies, their lifestyle, their rituals and ceremonies, and their constructions. however the e-book is far extra. Xing Ruan extrapolates from his miniature a well timed and intensely vital reminder of the way development and behaviour interweave and the way crucial a few knowing of that complicated and important relation needs to be for the way forward for the outfitted environment.Скачать.comuploading.com eighty five
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In the middle of the Southern Song dynasty (1127–1279), a Chinese oYcial recorded Wuxi man (five-water barbarians) in a book called Ximan Cong xiao. The five groups were designated variously as Miao, Yao, Liao, Ge-ling, and Ge-lao. According to this book, these five minority groups shared the same customs and language. The name Ge-lao pronounces reasonably similarly to the Dong self-identification of Gaeml, or Geml. The Dong might have been one of those language groups. They, however, have customs and language that are distinctively diVerent from those of the Miao and the Yao.
Because of the relatively less frequent contact with the Han, the southern dialect is considered closer to the original. Using Chinese characters to phonetically record the Dong language was once the only way of writing for a small number of literate Dong. The Han influence started in the Tang dynasty (618–907) when Chinese culture reached a splendid prosperity that radiated widely beyond the Han domain. indd 19 |_ 19 10/2/06 1:27:27 PM schools in Chenzhou and Huizhou (today’s Liping, Jingzhou, Tongdao, and Suining).
Since Chinese script is pictographic, however, the implication of such meanings is usually supported by the meaning of their radicals. After 1949, when the new Communist government produced its oYcial definition of minority nationalities, a new character, “侗,” was created. 4 The Dong call themselves Gaeml. Within the variety of local dialects they are also called Jaeml and Jeml. Early English literature sometimes referred to them as Nin Kam (Beauclair 1960, 172) and Kam (Li Fangkuei 1943). With the exception of the Han, other neighboring ethnic groups refer to the Dong in a manner similar to what they call themselves: the Sui call them Kam; the Zhuang, Pu Kjam; the Gelao, Kjam; and the Miao, Ta Ku.