By Andrew Brookes
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77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 37 poverty of Russian ministers, which contrasted sharply with the wealth of the favourite, Shuvalov: 'Memoire sur la Russie', Preussische und osterreichische Acten, p. 697. 205; the list is in ibid. 33024, f. 124. To put this enormous sum in perspective, it is exactly the annual subsidy demanded by Panin and refused by London during the unsuccessful alliance negotiations of 1763-4. See 'Most Secret Instructions', 13 August 1762, PRO SP 91170, ff. 79-80. Horn, Hanbury-Williams, p.
66 Whether the direction of Russian policy was actually influenced by such payments must be questionable, though their scale and frequency are clear. Bestuzhev was paid at least £10000 by Britain in the hope that this would advance the signature of a subsidy convention; he had earlier been 'loaned' a similar sum which was never repaid, and probably received money from other governments as well. 67 When Elizabeth's death in January 1762 suggested a period of uncertainty and perhaps important changes at the Russian Court, the staggering sum of £100000 was sent to the British minister, R.
89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. Russia as a European Great Power diplomate fran(fais a la cour de Catherine II 1775-1780: Journal Intime du Chevalier de Corberon, 2 vols (Paris, 1901) vol. I, pp. 96-7. 193. Macartney spoke in French: SIRID, vol. XII, pp. 19~; cf. , vol. 145, for the Empress's position. A particularly interesting example is Repnin's extreme concern over matters of protocol during his embassy to Constantinople in 1775-76: Itzkowitz and Mote (eds), Mubadele, pp. 10, 65, 71 n.