Air Bubble Entrainment in Free-Surface Turbulent Shear Flows by Hubert Chanson

By Hubert Chanson

Content material:
Abstract

, Pages xiii-xvi,I-IV
Acknowledgements

, Page xvii
About the author

, Page xviii
List of symbols

, Pages xix-xxix
Glossary

, Pages xxxi-xlix
Chapter 1 - Introduction

, Pages 2-16
Chapter 2 - Mechanisms of air bubble entrainment

, Pages 17-26
Chapter three - Similitude and experimental studies

, Pages 27-35
Chapter four - Air-water fuel transfer

, Pages 36-41
Chapter five - Plunging jet flows: Presentation

, Pages 44-52
Chapter 6 - Air entrainment through plunging jets

, Pages 53-72
Chapter 7 - Air entrainment in hydraulic jumps

, Pages 73-92
Chapter eight - Air entrainment in plunging jet flows: similar circumstances and gasoline transfer

, Pages 93-101
Chapter nine - Self-aerated flows-presentation

, Pages 104-109
Chapter 10 - Air entrainment in steep chute flows

, Pages 110-132
Chapter eleven - Air entrainment in small-slope waterways

, Pages 133-143
Chapter 12 - Air entrainment in partially-filled conduits

, Pages 144-152
Chapter thirteen - Air entrainment in open channels: Discussion

, Pages 153-164
Chapter 14 - creation to high-velocity water jets discharging into the ambience and ventilated hollow space flows

, Pages 166-173
Chapter 15 - Air entrainment in high-velocity water jets

, Pages 174-188
Chapter sixteen - Ventilated hollow space flows

, Pages 189-199
Chapter 17 - Spillway program: Aeration devices

, Pages 200-214
Chapter 18 - precis: Air bubble diffusion in shear flows

, Pages 216-234
Chapter 19 - Conclusion

, Pages 235-238
References

, Pages 239-261
Appendix A - Constants and fluid properties

, Pages 263-270
Appendix B - Unit conversions

, Pages 271-273
Appendix C - Bubble upward thrust velocity

, Pages 274-277
Appendix D - Sound celerity in two-phase (gas-liquid) flow

, Pages 278-280
Appendix E - Air bubble diffusion at plunging water jets

, Pages 281-288
Appendix F - attribute parameters of boundary layer

, Pages 289-292
Appendix G - Air focus distributions in self-aerated flows

, Pages 293-303
Appendix H - Air-water stream in partially-filled pipes

, Pages 304-306
Appendix I - Air focus distributions in water jets discharging into the atmosphere

, Pages 307-315
Appendix J - Jet trajectory calculations

, Pages 316-322
Appendix ok - Air bubble measurement distribution characteristics

, Pages 323-326
Appendix L - Air-water movement as mentioned through Leonardo da Vinci

, Pages 327-329
Appendix M - Corrections

, Pages 330-331
Index of authors

, Pages 333-337
Subject index

, Pages 339-348

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8). Skimming flow : flow regime above a stepped chute for which the water flows as a coherent stream in a direction parallel to the pseudo-bottom formed by the edges of the steps. The same term is used to characterise the flow regime of large discharges above rockfill and closely-spaced large roughness elements. g. trapezoidal channel); (3) inclination of the channel bottom from the horizontal. Sluicegate: underflow gate with a vertical sharp edge for stopping or regulating flow. Specific energy: quantity proportional to the energy per unit mass, measured with the channel bottom as the elevation datum, and expressed in metres of water.

The decelerated fluid particles are forced outwards and the boundary layer is separated from the wall. At the point of separation, the velocity gradient normal to the wall is zero : Separation point : in a boundary layer, intersection of the solid boundary with the streamline dividing the separation zone and the deflected outer flow. The separation point is a stagnation point. Sewage : refiised liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers. It may be a combination of water-carried wastes from residences and industries together with ground water, surface water and storm water.

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