By Derek Offord, William Leatherbarrow
The historical past of rules has performed a significant function in Russia's political and social historical past. figuring out its highbrow culture and how the intelligentsia have formed the kingdom is important to figuring out the Russia of this day. This new background examines vital highbrow and cultural currents (the Enlightenment, nationalism, nihilism, and spiritual revival) and key issues (conceptions of the West and East, the typical humans, and attitudes to capitalism and normal technology) in Russian highbrow historical past. targeting the Golden Age of Russian inspiration within the mid 19th century, the individuals additionally glance again to its eighteenth-century origins within the flowering of tradition following the reign of Peter the good, and ahead to the continued energy of Russia's classical highbrow culture within the Soviet and post-Soviet eras. With short biographical information of over fifty key thinkers and an in depth bibliography, this e-book presents a clean, accomplished evaluate of Russian highbrow background.
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Extra resources for A History of Russian Thought
Russian peasants were probably little better oﬀ in the collective farms of Soviet times than they had been under serfdom. For most of the Soviet period they were not really full citizens. They were not granted internal passports, for example, at the point when the rest of the population was obliged to acquire them in November 1932. 23 Although Russia’s other social groups have been less constrained than the peasantry, none of them has been wholly free from interference on the part of the state.
Education A major answer to the ﬁrst of these questions lies in education. Russian rulers needed educated servants to exploit and run their domains, but education enables people to reﬂect critically on the world around them. Regimes could not guarantee that their servants would accept their values. At ﬁrst, Russia met her educational needs by importing trained foreigners. Tsar Alexis Mikhailovich formalised the pre-existing foreigners’ quarter of Moscow, the nemetskaia sloboda, in 1652. General Patrick Gordon is only the best known of the early foreign advisers of the young Peter the Great.
6. 16 william leatherbarrow and derek offord 9. Isaiah Berlin, Russian Thinkers, ed. Henry Hardy and Aileen Kelly (London: Hogarth Press, 1978), p. 117. 10. P. V. Annenkov, Literaturnye vospominaniia (Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo khudozhestvennoi literatury, 1960), p. 270. 11. M. O. Gershenzon, Istoricheskie zapiski (Moscow: Tipograﬁia I. N. Kushnereva, 1910), pp. 153–4. 12. Philip Pomper, The Russian Revolutionary Intelligentsia (New York: Crowell, 1970), p. 1. 13. See Nicholas V. Riasanovsky, A Parting of Ways: Government and the Educated Public in Russia 1801–1855 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976).