By Robert J. Alexander
Bolivia used to be the heart degree for some of the most vital Latin American social revolutions of the 20th century, person who happened amid a sea of large political instability. the growth of prepared exertions that happened in the course of the Nineteen Twenties was once met with a number of executive reprisals and was once mostly curbed via the Chaco struggle with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being pressured to function illegally, the exertions circulation stumbled on aid in different political events, the main winning of which was once the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the striking upheavals which punctuated Bolivian heritage in the course of the 20th century, Alexander lines the relative successes of Bolivia's exertions unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the attractive heritage of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Bolivia used to be the heart degree for probably the most very important Latin American social revolutions of the 20 th century, person who happened amid a sea of large political instability. the growth of equipped exertions that happened in the course of the Nineteen Twenties used to be met with quite a few govt reprisals and used to be mostly curbed through the Chaco battle with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being forced to function illegally, the exertions flow chanced on aid in different political events, the main winning of which was once the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the striking upheavals which punctuated Bolivian background through the 20th century, Alexander lines the relative successes of Bolivia's hard work unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the fascinating heritage of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Alexander explains how the exertions move developed within the framework of a number of political adjustments, together with: the short presidency of significant Gualberto Villarroel which started in December 1943 and lasted in basic terms and a part years; the Bolivian nationwide Revolution which begun on April nine, 1952; the onset of agrarian reform in 1952; the overthrow of the innovative regime in November 1964
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Extra info for A History of Organized Labor in Bolivia
Page 2 4 8 . 24. , pages 2 4 5 - 2 4 6 . 2 5 . , page 2 5 3 . 26. , page 2 8 7 . 2 7 . , page 292. 2 8 . , pages 2 8 7 - 2 9 8 for more details about the FOT of Oruro. 29. , pages 3 2 6 for more information on the C o c h a b a m b a labor federation. 30. , pages 3 3 5 - 3 3 6 . 3 1 . , pages 143-149. 32. , pages 1 5 0 - 1 5 1 . 3 3 . , page 151. 34. , page 153. 35. , page 156. 36. , page 160. 3 7 . , page 46. 3 8 . , page 5 3 . 39. , pages 5 1 - 5 2 . 40. , page 178. 4 1 . , page 180. 42. , page 182.
At a conference of the POR in October 1938, Marof, with the support of Alipio Valencia, urged the POR to throw off the party's Trotskyist orthodoxy and to try to become a mass organization appealing to industrial and mining workers but also to peasants and middle-class elements. Jose Aguirre Gainsborg led the orthodox Trotskylte element in this congress and had the support of the majority. 6 In a congress in Cochabamba in 1940 they established the Partido Socialista Obrero Boliviano, which for a short while played a significant role in organized labor.
The group was much persecuted by the authorities and lasted only about three years. Its principal leader and secretary was Lucio Mendivil, who many years later would become the country's first (and only) Trotskyist senator. 43 In La Paz, the Federacion Obrera also had established a Socialist Party, in 1914. Its most outstanding leader was Ezequiel Salvatierra. In elections of that year, the party won two seats in the municipal council and one in the Chamber of Deputies. In 1916, it ran a university professor, Zenon Saavedra, for congress.