A Brief History of Brazil by Teresa A Meade

By Teresa A Meade

Merely somewhat smaller in dimension than the USA, Brazil is the 5th biggest state on this planet. it's domestic to unique Rio de Janeiro, the potent Amazon River, the world-renowned Carnival, and naturally, its shrinking rainforests. This identify deals a accomplished account of the wealthy and sundry background of Brazil.

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In January 1488 Bartholomeu Dias rounded the Cape of Good Hope and Vasco da Gama sailed in 1497 from Lisbon to India, returning two years later after having explored much of the land along the coast of the Indian Ocean. In the 16th cen11 A Brief History of Brazil tury the Portuguese dominated the seas, establishing contact, shipping lines, and colonies in Macao, off the coast of China; Malacca, in the South China Sea; a colonial capital in India at Goa, south of Bombay; and major trading centers in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and on Nagasaki in the Japanese archipelago.

Sweet speculates that this came about for several reasons. In the first place, they were exhausted after decades of warfare. Second, many of the warrior men who had carried out the battles (or had been most willing to do so) had died. The devastation of the male combatants, leaving a community with a majority 22 The Portuguese Colony of women and children, may have made it difficult to persevere in what increasingly seemed to be a war of diminishing returns for the Mura. Finally, the community of Mura had changed by century’s end.

31 A Brief History of Brazil ordeal began again. By the time the slaves reached the Brazilian coast, many were dead and others nearly so. Generally they were given a short period of time to recuperate in Brazil in order to increase their value before being sold to owners, who again marched them off to distant plantations and mines. Very few records describing the conditions under which the slaves traveled on the voyage from Africa to the Americas have survived. Historians know of the inhumane conditions from looking at the captives’ death rate Prince Henry the Navigator and the Slave Trade I n the following passage, Gomes Eannes de Azurara, a Portuguese scribe, reveals the extreme brutality of the slave trade.

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