91st Infantry in World War I. Analysis Of An AEF Division's by Bryan L. Woodcock

By Bryan L. Woodcock

Includes The americans within the First international conflict representation Pack—57 photos/illustrations and 10 maps

The 91st Infantry department was once a countrywide military department created sooner than global conflict I. dependent at Camp Lewis, Washington, it was once composed of draftees from the northwestern usa. Following a teach up that lasted below 12 months, this department departed for Europe in June 1918. In France, the 91st department carried out extra education, however the AEF driven it to front strains sooner than it was once accomplished. In its first strive against event, the 91st department fought at the entrance strains of the Meuse-Argonne. within the first days of this conflict, the 91st department, even if green, received extra floor than the other American department. notwithstanding, it paid a heavy expense when it comes to American lives. The AEF therefore assigned the department to paintings below French command within the conflict of Ypres-Lys in Belgium. This thesis examines the department leadership's skill to execute necessary...

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There was some debate within the War Department about how the Army should focus its training in the United States. One member of the general staff, Colonel William H. Johnston, believed that officers and recruits needed instruction discipline and military drill and tactics at such a basic level that more advanced instruction by foreign officers was unnecessary. {44} Ironically, this same Johnston was subsequently promoted to Major General and selected to command the 91st Division in combat. The division would get more training opportunities in France, but the pressure was on to get the AEF into the fight quickly.

Relying on both primary and secondary sources, this paper examines the Wild West division’s activities from its training period at Camp Lewis to its experiences on the battlefields in Europe to determine its level of success. Thesis Statement The 91st Division appeared to be very successful on the battlefield. Its leaders maintained morale and led the division to gain more ground than other divisions in an extremely difficult combat environment. However, the division was very inexperienced. Its training and execution of concepts such as command and control, movement and maneuver, and integration of fires lacked proficiency.

If a division was scheduled to deploy to Europe, the War Department transferred men from other divisions into that unit to ensure units deployed at full strength. This troop levy hit the 91st Division hard. K Company, 363rd Infantry began losing men just a month after it was originally filled. {19} The division later received new recruits to replace these losses, but the turnover significantly affected the unit’s readiness. The troop levy had a significant impact on maintaining continuity of personnel within the units, but other factors contributed to the manning issues that the 91st experienced throughout its training period and subsequent movement to Europe.

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